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1- Assistant Professor, Ph.D of Environmental Health
2- Ph.D Candidate of Environmental Health
3- Assistant Professor, Ph.D of Health Education and Promotion , ak.mirkarimi@gmail.com
4- Msc of Biostatistics
Abstract:   (72 Views)
Background and Objective: Pesticides are chemical compounds which are used to fight against and to control plant and animal pests as vectors of diseases. In view of being exposed to pesticides farmers are at high risk of occupational diseases.in this regard, the predictability of Health Belief Model (HBM) has been confirmed forth studies in promoting health behaviors. The present study was implemented to investigate the determinants of health behaviors of farmers on poisoning with Pesticide sign Golestan province based on HBM.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 294 farmers covered under Health Houses in Azadshahr, Golestan province in 2015. A multi-stage sampling method was utilized. Data collection instrument was a three-part questionnaire (including demographics characteristics, behaviors and constructs of HBM). To analyze, descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics including Pearson and Spearman rank correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, and linear regression model were run. The P-value was considered statistically significant as <0.05.
Results: The mean age and standard deviation of participants was 46.12 ± 11.45 years (ranged 17 to 75 years). Given education status, 177 (60.1%) contributors were poorly- educated i.e. not awarding of a high school diploma or the equivalent. The participants ordinarily used television educational programs 226 (76.9%) and also chemical dealers 201 (68.4%) as main cues to action. There was a remarkable correlation between education status and the amount of pesticide (p=0.024). In final, perceived barriers was the variable for predicting the healthy behavior of farmers (β= 0.208, p=0.004).
Conclusion: The results presented in this study recommend that since the vast majority of farmers were awarded high school diploma, designing and developing effective interventions in order to promote knowledge and perceived self-efficacy should be considered.
     
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Nursing

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