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:: Volume 16, Issue 1 (1-2019) ::
jgbfnm 2019, 16(1): 60-69 Back to browse issues page
Fear of Childbirth in Pregnancy and Some of its Effective Factors
Houri Alijani1, Narjes Sadat Borghei * 2, Naser Behnampour3
1- Graduate Student of Midwifery Consultation, Boya Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, Ph.D, Fertility Health, Bowie School of Nursing and Midwifery , borghei2006@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Statistics, Ph.D. in Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Abstract:   (77 Views)
Background and objectives: Fear and anxiety during pregnancy will have a great impact on the mental health of the mother and the fetus, These conditions may be due to fear of Childbirth, which can exacerbate sense of pain, increase the amount of pain, anxiety, distress, discomfort and disability. Therefore, in addition to measuring the amount of fear of childbirth, using the Wijma Questionnaire (version A), we decided to evaluate the factors affecting on it.
Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was performed on 211 eligible mothers in health centers of Gorgan, Iran, in the second six months of 1396, by simple sampling. The Data was collected by Wijma Maternity Wear Questionnaire (A) and analyzed by means of SPSS software version 18 using Fisher and Kruskal Wallis tests at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: the range of maternal fear of childbirth scores was from 14 to 120 with a mean of 61.75 and a standard deviation of 22.99. About 77.2% of mothers had a mild or moderate, 18.5% had clinical and 4.3% had severe fear of childbirth. In this study, the pregnant woman’s and her husband’s job, as well as husband's level of education, were identified as the most important influencing factor on the fear of childbirth.
Conclusion: According to this study, 18.5% of the Nulliparous mothers had clinical and 4.3% had severe fear of Childbirth; therefore, in order to promote the pregnant mother’s mental health, new strategies should be adopted to reduce this fear. In addition, knowing the factors affecting this fear will help us to plan and implement strategies to deal with the fear of childbirth more accurately.
Keywords: Tocophobia, Fear of Childbirth, Cesarean section, Pregnancy
Full-Text [PDF 511 kb]   (3 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
* Corresponding Author Address: Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
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Alijani H, Borghei N S, Behnampour N. Fear of Childbirth in Pregnancy and Some of its Effective Factors. jgbfnm. 2019; 16 (1) :60-69
URL: http://goums.ac.ir/jgbfnm/article-1-1110-en.html


Volume 16, Issue 1 (1-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله توسعه پژوهش در پرستاری و مامایی Journal of Research Development in Nursing & Midwifery
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